Monday, November 17, 2014

Weekly Highlights: Are You Listening, President Obama?

 

November 18, 2014

Weekly Highlights

Are You Listening, President Obama? 


US President Barack Obama's made his much-anticipated second trip to Burma last week during the 25th ASEAN Summit, amid growing awareness that the reforms which he so eagerly celebrated during his 2012 trip are quickly unravelling – or being exposed for the stage-managed charade that they are.

In 2012, it was all too easy to trust the reform process.  National elections had been scheduled for 2015, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had been freed from house arrest and elected to Parliament, political prisoners had been released, a nationwide ceasefire process was underway with the majority of armed ethnic groups, and restrictions on media and civil society had been drastically loosened.  And so the US and the international community embraced the reforms.

Yet, last month, in her recent address to the UN General Assembly, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burma Yanghee Lee warned of the risks of backtracking.  Then, earlier this month, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi labelled the process as "stalled" and remarked that "there have been times when the [US] government has seemed over-optimistic about the reform process."

Furthermore, there has been a flurry of recent calls from civil society across Burma, directly raising their various concerns about the reform process with President Obama.  The Karen Human Rights Group wrote an open letter drawing President Obama's attention to human rights violations resulting from the ongoing government military presence throughout south-eastern Burma; a Joint Strategy Team of civil society organizations (CSOs) issued a statement highlighting the grave humanitarian situation in Kachin and northern Shan States; Shan CSOs requested that President Obama ask the Burma Government why it is launching a large-scale offensive in central Shan State during the peace process; and 28 Kachin CSOs sent an open letter to President Obama urging him to take positive action regarding the conflict and resulting humanitarian crisis in Kachin State.

An open letter – in the name of "Young People from Burma" – paints the current situation most starkly, saying that "current reform in [Burma] is fake.  Changes that have happened are cosmetic to please the international community to attract investments to get the old regime out of economic isolation.  We do not believe this reform process is going to take us anywhere because the motivation for reform is insincere.  We want genuine democracy and national reconciliation."  Furthermore, some students and youth held posters saying things like "Illusion!" and "Change?" when they met President Obama at Rangoon University.

However, it seems that President Obama is not hearing the full story – perhaps not a surprise given the lack of engagement with civil society, with just one token meeting organized by the US Embassy during his short visit.  At a joint press conference with President Thein Sein, he declared: "in part because of President Thein Sein's leadership, the democratization process in Burma is real." Bo Kyi, Joint Secretary of the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, responded: "What [President] Obama said is wrong.  Burma today is not even in transition yet.  It was a totalitarian state.  Today, it is a constitutional totalitarian state."  Meanwhile, prominent activists and ethnic leaders criticized President Obama for neglecting the complexities of national reconciliation and peace in Burma.

However, there was one victory for international human rights campaigners, as President Obama answered the call of the "President Obama Say Rohingya" campaign. At a press conference on Friday 14 November, he said: "Discrimination against the Rohingya does not express the kind of country that Burma wants to be."  The US Government also urged the Burma Government to renounce their current apartheid policies and to draft a new plan to allow the Rohingya to become full citizens.

Engagement with the Burma authorities is a reasonable strategy, but only if it is conditional upon real reforms.  A sustainable peace agreement must be reached with all armed ethnic groups which respects and guarantees their rights and autonomy; all ethnic and religious minorities, including the Rohingya, must be protected from violence, discrimination and human rights abuses; land rights must be respected with economic development beneficial to all people, particularly local communities; there must be wholesale judicial and legislative reform, with repressive legislation repealed or amended in line with international standards; all restrictions on the media and civil society must be immediately lifted, and all political prisoners and human rights defenders freed; and finally, the undemocratic 2008 Constitution, which enshrines military power and impunity, must be amended, so that the 2015 elections can be genuinely free and fair.

Human rights and democracy, rather than international investment or geopolitical considerations, must be the priorities for President Obama's engagement with Burma, and it is high time that he began listening to the voices of the Burma people, including those of civil society and his friend, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.  The US has long been a friend of the Burma people, but a real friend listens and responds to the concerns of others.  And a real friend is not afraid to tell some home truths, to dole out harsh words and strong advice.

President Obama is currently dealing only in platitudes, misplaced optimism and delusion, hearing what he wants to hear.  He is only serving to endorse the current military regime, and has passed up the opportunity to use the US's significant political and economic leverage to apply real pressure for real change.  It is to the cost of the people of Burma – and to their great disappointment after the optimism of President Obama's last trip.  This second trip was his chance to make Burma a genuine US foreign policy success, and he should have grasped that chance.

News Highlights

At the All Burma Students Emergency Conference held at the Free Funeral Service Society (FFSS) in Rangoon, the Organising Committee for the Mon State Students Union makes a proposal that all ethnic students should be given the right and opportunity to study their own ethnic language in school, aiming to amend the draft National Education Bill

About 12,000 Rohingya boat people who have left Arakan state last month, heading for Malaysia mostly through Thailand have yet to reach their destinations, raising fears that their boats have been prevented from reaching shore

Inside Burma

Representatives of the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team led by Nai Hongsar, conduct an informal meeting with representatives from the Union Peace-Making Working Committee led by Aung Min in Nay Pyi Taw, mainly to discuss a way to restart official nationwide ceasefire talks which has halted

Lower house of parliament decides to continue using the existing "First-Past-the-Post" voting system which is the only compatible and appropriate system for Burma

As world leaders arrived in Naypyidaw for the 25th Asean Summit and the East Asia Summit, Burmese women adorned in ethnic clothing welcomed delegates, receiving criticism from media for creating an illusion of diversity at the Summit

Zee Oak and Kangyikone village residents demand the right to remain in their village as the relocation will lead to displacement of 5,000 households without substantive low-cost living options

The Thaukpa Kyae jade mining company in Hpakant township Kachin State offers only 20 million kyat (USD $ 19,531.2) as compensation to the family of a 20 year old man who the company claims was killed by accident at the worksite, but the victim's family says he was murdered by the company's backhoe driver

Regional

Experts exchange information and gave analysis on dam projects along the Salween River and urge governments of Burma, China and Thailand to lead the formation of Transboundary River Management Committee

International

During Chinese Premier Li Keqiang's visit to Burma, China and Burma signs a deal worth $7.8 billion towards energy, agriculture, telecommunications, infrastructure and finance

With the help of the International Labor Organization, Japan and the United States agree to help Burma improve its labour law in a multi year project aimed at removing obstacles to foreign investment in the country

Staffs from Development Alternatives Inc., a company contracted by USAID to deliver humanitarian program are moving out of their office following a revelation that their office landlord is former spy chief Gen. Khyin Nyunt

Nay Aung, son of Lower House MP Aung Thaung who was recently blacklisted by US attends G-20 summit in Australia

Opinion

Obama's Chance to Make Burma a Genuine Foreign Policy Success
By Khin Ohmar
The Irrawaddy

Why Obama's Courtship of Myanmar Backfired
By Josh Kurlantzick
Bloomberg Businessweek

Latest from the Blog


Impunity for Military Abuses Has to End

By Burma Partnership

 

Actions

TAKE ACTION! Email Prime Minister David Cameron, calling on him to admit that Burma's reform process has stalled, and to change Britain's policy towards Burma so that it is no longer based on the lies and broken promises of President Thein Sein.

Man Wing Gyi drug eradication committee continues its drug elimination campaign in Man Wing Gyi village, in Kachin state's Bhamo district, distributing pamphlets and setting up posters along the roadside

After a two-day workshop organised by the All Burma Federation of Student's Unions regarding the National Educational Law, 400 students stage a rally against the Law throughout Rangoon

Statements and Press Releases

Statement by Shan Community Based Organizations (CBOs) to US President Barack Obama
By 12 Shan Community Based Organizations

Letter to President Obama
By 28 Kachin Civil Society Organizations

All Kachin Students and Youth Union's 6th Conference Announcement
By All Kachin Students and Youth Union

Launch of International Panel of Parliamentarians for Freedom of Religion or Belief
By ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights

Ethnic Cleansing of the Rohingya: Obama's Duty is ASEAN's Shame
By ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights

Network Calls For Myanmar and Thailand Governments to Acknowledge Responsibility and Address Significant Problems in Dawei SEZ Before New Concessions are Granted
By Dawei Development Association

Key Messages to World Leaders, International Governments and the UN Concerns and Requests Related to Humanitarian Situation in Kachin and Northern Shan State
By Joint Strategy Team

Forced Displacement Leaves Burmese Families Living in Substandard Conditions, with Higher Rates of Hunger and Sickness
By Physicians for Human Rights

[Burma] Government Using New Media Law to Stifle Criticism
By Southeast Asian Press Alliance

Open Letter to Mr. Barack Obama President of United States of America
By Young People from Myanmar

Reports

A Foreseeable Disaster in Burma: Forced Displacement in the Thilawa Special Economic Zone
By Physicians for Human Rights

Exiled to Nowhere: Burma's Rohingya: A 30-Page Online Photo Essay
By Greg Constant

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